Difference between revisions of "Board:intel/d945gclf"

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== Backing up the vendor BIOS ==
== Backing up the vendor BIOS ==
This board can be flashed with flashrom, which is in the repositories of nearly every GNU/Linux distribution.
However, the Intel vendor BIOS locks writes to the chip from a running system, ''so you can only flash internally if you are already running coreboot.''


To make a backup of the BIOS chip, run:
To make a backup of the BIOS chip, run:
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash" inline>sudo flashrom -p internal -r bios.rom</syntaxhighlight>
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash" inline>sudo flashrom -p internal -r bios.rom</syntaxhighlight>
== Internal flashing ==
To flash the BIOS chip, run:
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash" inline>sudo flashrom -p internal -w build/coreboot.rom</syntaxhighlight>
As stated above, writing to the chip is only possible when running coreboot. The inital flash will have to be done externally.


== External flashing ==
== External flashing ==

Latest revision as of 23:02, 27 February 2017

This page describes how to use coreboot on the Intel d945gclf mainboard.

The d945gclf2 is almost the same board as the d945gclf, but with a dual core CPU instead of a single core, an extra USB header and a gigabit network card instead of a 10/100. This board also works fine with coreboot.

SeaBIOS ATA DMA

By default, SeaBIOS uses PIO mode for ATA interfaces. On the ICH7 southbridge, this is very slow. Loading a kernel + initramfs can take up to 20 seconds on this board.

When using ATA DMA mode, this bug disappears. This will have to be set explicitly in the SeaBIOS config file, and selected from coreboot's menuconfig.

From the coreboot root directory, go to payloads/external/SeaBIOS/seabios: <syntaxhighlight lang="bash" inline>cd payloads/external/SeaBIOS/seabios/</syntaxhighlight>

Create a file called .config and add these lines to it:

CONFIG_COREBOOT=y
CONFIG_ATA_DMA=y
CONFIG_VGA_COREBOOT=y

Then, create a full .config file by running: <syntaxhighlight lang="bash" inline>make menuconfig</syntaxhighlight>

Navigate to General Features and make sure the Build Target is set to Build for coreboot.

Navigate to Hardware support and make sure that ATA DMA is enabled [*].

Navigate to VGA ROM and make sure that VGA Hardware Type is set to coreboot linear framebuffer.

Exit menuconfig and save the changes.


It is probably easiest to move the .config file to the coreboot root directory, under a different name (e.g. .seabiosconfig), as coreboot already has its own .config file. <syntaxhighlight lang="bash" inline>mv .config ../../../../.seabiosconfig</syntaxhighlight>

Finally return to the coreboot root directory: <syntaxhighlight lang="bash" inline>cd ../../../../</syntaxhighlight>

coreboot configuration

Create a file called .config and add at least these lines to it:

CONFIG_VENDOR_INTEL=y
CONFIG_BOARD_INTEL_D945GCLF=y
CONFIG_MAINBOARD_DO_NATIVE_VGA_INIT=y
CONFIG_USE_OPTION_TABLE=y

In case you do not want CPU microcode updates included in your ROM, add this line:

CONFIG_CPU_MICROCODE_CBFS_NONE=y

In case you do want to include CPU microcode updates in your ROM, add these lines:

CONFIG_USE_BLOBS=y
CONFIG_CPU_MICROCODE_CBFS_GENERATE=y

By default, serial debugging output is enabled. It is very useful for debugging, but also slows down the boot process a lot. If you don't need serial debug or have no idea how to use it, disable it:

CONFIG_CONSOLE_SERIAL=n

Then, create a full .config file by running: <syntaxhighlight lang="bash" inline>make menuconfig</syntaxhighlight>

Navigate to General setup and make sure that Use CMOS for configuration values is enabled [*].

Navigate to Mainboard and make sure the Mainboard vendor is set to INTEL and the Mainboard model to D945GCLF.

Navigate to Chipset and make sure that Include CPU microcode in CBFS is set to either Generate from tree or Do not include microcode updates.

  • In case you selected Generate from tree, make sure that General setup -> Allow use of binary-only repository is enabled [*].

Navigate to Devices and make sure that Use native graphics initialization is enabled [*].

Navigate to Payload and set your SeaBIOS configuration in SeaBIOS config file.

  • This requires a full path. For instance, if your coreboot root directory is in ~/Downloads, set ~/Downloads/coreboot/.seabiosconfig

Exit menuconfig and save the changes.


Now build your ROM: <syntaxhighlight lang="bash" inline>make</syntaxhighlight>

CMOS default values

By default, the VGA shared RAM on this board is set to 8MB. While this is fine for server use, this is not ideal for desktop or HTPC use.

In order to change CMOS defaults, you will need nvramtool: <syntaxhighlight lang="bash" inline>cd util/nvramtool/ make mv nvramtool ../../nvramtool cd ../../ </syntaxhighlight>

The VGA shared RAM can be increased to 16MB, 32MB or 64MB by running:

<syntaxhighlight lang="bash" inline>./nvramtool -C build/coreboot.rom -w gfx_uma_size=16M</syntaxhighlight> or <syntaxhighlight lang="bash" inline>./nvramtool -C build/coreboot.rom -w gfx_uma_size=32M</syntaxhighlight> or <syntaxhighlight lang="bash" inline>./nvramtool -C build/coreboot.rom -w gfx_uma_size=64M</syntaxhighlight>

Backing up the vendor BIOS

This board can be flashed with flashrom, which is in the repositories of nearly every GNU/Linux distribution.

However, the Intel vendor BIOS locks writes to the chip from a running system, so you can only flash internally if you are already running coreboot.

To make a backup of the BIOS chip, run: <syntaxhighlight lang="bash" inline>sudo flashrom -p internal -r bios.rom</syntaxhighlight>

Internal flashing

To flash the BIOS chip, run: <syntaxhighlight lang="bash" inline>sudo flashrom -p internal -w build/coreboot.rom</syntaxhighlight>

As stated above, writing to the chip is only possible when running coreboot. The inital flash will have to be done externally.

External flashing

Chip pinout

 _______________
-cs          vcc-
-miso           -
-            clk-
-gnd        mosi-
 _______________

Status (as of commit 5360c7ef94)

Device/functionality Status Comments
CPU
CPU works OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | OK
L1 cache enabled OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | OK
L2 cache enabled OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | OK
L3 cache enabled OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
Multiple CPU support OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
Multi-core support OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | OK
Hardware virtualization OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
RAM
EDO OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
SDRAM OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
SO-DIMM OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
DDR OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
DDR2 OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | OK
DDR3 OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
Dual channel support OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
ECC support OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
On-board Hardware
On-board IDE 3.5" OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | Untested
On-board IDE 2.5" OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
On-board SATA OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | OK
On-board SCSI OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
On-board USB OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | OK
On-board VGA OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | OK VBIOS works. Only textmode available for native graphic init.
On-board Ethernet OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | OK
On-board Audio OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | OK
On-board Modem OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
On-board FireWire OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
On-board Smartcard reader OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
On-board CompactFlash OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
On-board PCMCIA OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
On-board Wifi OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
On-board Bluetooth OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
On-board SD card reader OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
Add-on slots/cards
ISA add-on cards OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
Audio/Modem-Riser (AMR/CNR) cards OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
PCI add-on cards OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | OK
Mini-PCI add-on cards OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
Mini-PCI-Express add-on cards OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | Unknown
PCI-X add-on cards OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
AGP graphics cards OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
PCI Express x1 add-on cards OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
PCI Express x2 add-on cards OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
PCI Express x4 add-on cards OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
PCI Express x8 add-on cards OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
PCI Express x16 add-on cards OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
PCI Express x32 add-on cards OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
HTX add-on cards OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
Legacy / Super I/O
Floppy OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
Serial port 1 (COM1) OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | OK
Serial port 2 (COM2) OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
Parallel port OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | Untested
PS/2 keyboard OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | OK
PS/2 mouse OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | Untested
Game port OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
Infrared OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
PC speaker OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
DiskOnChip OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
Input
Trackpoint OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
Touchpad OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
Fn Hotkeys OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
Fingerprint Reader OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
Laptop
Docking VGA OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
Docking LAN OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
Docking USB OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
Docking Audio OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
Docking Displayport OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
Thinklight OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
Webcam OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
Miscellaneous
Sensors / fan control OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | OK
Hardware watchdog OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | Unknown
SMBus OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | OK
CAN bus OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
CPU frequency scaling OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
Other powersaving features OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
ACPI OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | OK
Reboot OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | OK
Poweroff OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | OK
Suspend OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | OK
Nonstandard LEDs OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | OK
High precision event timers (HPET) OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | OK
Random number generator (RNG) OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
Wake on modem ring OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | N/A
Wake on LAN OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | OK Tested on d945gclf only.
Wake on keyboard OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | Unknown
Wake on mouse OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | Unknown
TPM OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | Unknown
Flashrom OK=lime | TODO=red | No=red | WIP=orange | Untested=yellow | N/A=lightgray | yellow }}" | OK Needs external flashing from vendor BIOS, internal works fine on coreboot.