Difference between revisions of "Board:lenovo/x201"
(→Background info: flash layout: Improve table, based on phcoder's reply, on my talk page, to my message on phcoder's talk page.)
(→Background info: flash layout: Add red background color to "No" cells in table)
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| ME firmware
| ME firmware
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Revision as of 21:56, 18 March 2017
Thanks for your interest in Lenovo X201 port.
- Sometimes Gnome starts to think that battery is 10 time larger than real. Information from sysfs remains correct. Doesn't appear in newer gnome
- Yellow USB port is not powered when computer is shut down or in S3.
- Most times after suspend an EC IRQ hangs in the queue and all functions keys stopped working until cold boot.
- Commit 456f495d broke USB and PCI-E (unable to boot from live ISO on USB), a hard reset to commit a3e41c08 fixed the boot issue, however the following issues occured/persisted:
- The X201 immedeatly powers off after resuming from suspend resulting a completely lost session sometimes (Race condition)
- See http://review.coreboot.org/#/c/10352/ for more details
- RAM module combinations of 4G+4G, 4G, 2G+2G,4G+2G, 2G
- suspend to RAM (S3) (see issue mentioned above)
- USB (see issues mentioned above)
- Video (both internal and VGA)
- Expresscard slot (including hotplug)
- mini-PCIe slots (both wlan and wwan)
- Linux (through GRUB-as-payload & SeaBIOS-as-payload)
- Windows (through GRUB-as-payload loading SeaBIOS image from disk; you have to use extracted VGA blob, dumped from memory isn't good enough)
- SD card slot
- Thermal management
- Fingerprint reader
- Digitizer on X201t variant.
proprietary components status
- CPU Microcode
- VGA Option ROM (optional): you need it if you want graphics in SeaBIOS but most payloads (e.g. GRUB2) work just fine without it (text mode or corebootfb mode)
- [[Intel_Management_Engine|ME(Management Engine)] => you do not have to touch it (just leave it where it is)
- EC(Embedded Controller) => you do not have to touch it (just leave it where it is)
$ git clone https://review.coreboot.org/coreboot.git
Background info: flash layout
The flash memory in the X201 is divided into roughly 4 parts, readable and writable thus:
Flashrom on the
Flashrom via an
|ME firmware||5M minus 12K||No||No||Yes||Yes|
|Rewriteable flash||3M minus 96K||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
To install coreboot onto the X201, we need to preserve the descriptor and the ME firmware, and to overwrite the rewriteable region and the bootblock. There are two ways to achieve this:
- External flasher.
- Unlock bootblock.
For the first one proceeds as follows:
- Turn off your laptop, remove battery and AC adapter.
- Remove the keyboard.
- Connect your external SPI flasher to the SPI chip which is under keyboard,
around the position of trackpoint under protective layer.
I recommend using SOIC-8 clip. Depending on the flasher you use, you may have to use separate 3.3V source. Make sure not to feed more than 3.3V ot the chip. I used buspirate as flasher and 3.3V power lines from another computer. The pinout is as follows, the colors are buspirate colors
Screen (furthest from you) (red) (violet) (gray) 3.3V N/C CLK MOSI _|_____|_____|_____|_ | | | | |_____________________| | | | | CS MISO N/C GND (white) (black) (brown) Touchpad (closest to you)
- Read the flash. Twice. Compare the files to be sure. Save a copy of it on external media.
flashrom -p <yourprogrammer> -r flash.bin flashrom -p <yourprogrammer> -r flash2.bin diff flash.bin flash2.bin
If you have trouble reading the chip successfully, the most common problems are
- insufficient power supply
- bad contacts
- too long wires
- bad pinout
The cable shipped with buspirate was too long, and needed to be trimmed.
See also In-System Programming
- Recover descriptor and ME firmare:
dd if=flash.bin of=coreboot/3rdparty/mainboard/lenovo/x201/descriptor.bin \ count=12288 bs=1M iflag=count_bytes dd if=flash.bin of=coreboot/3rdparty/mainboard/lenovo/x201/me.bin \ skip=12288 count=5230592 bs=1M iflag=count_bytes,skip_bytes
- Compile coreboot. Remember to enable HAVE_IFD and HAVE_ME_BIN
- Flash the resulting build/coreboot.rom
The other way has never been successfully used but it's known that the locking mechanism is in bootblock itself and that original firmware has a way to update it as follows:
- Flash an update of rewriteable region. On next boot bootblock parses the
image and sees that it contains a compressed copy of new bootblock. That copy is uncompressed and flashed. A way to unlock the bootblock would be to modify a firmware update to have a copy of bootblock without protection. For this you need to compress the modified block to fit into original space. The compression used is Lempel-Ziv- Huffman variant. I've written a compressor for it but unfortunately it's not performant enough.
identify the regions
[root@x201 ~]# flashrom -r bios.bin -pinternal:laptop=force_I_want_a_brick flashrom v0.9.6.1-r1563 on Linux 3.10-1-grml-amd64 (x86_64) flashrom is free software, get the source code at http://www.flashrom.org Calibrating delay loop... OK. Found chipset "Intel QM57". Enabling flash write... WARNING: SPI Configuration Lockdown activated. FREG0: WARNING: Flash Descriptor region (0x00000000-0x00000fff) is read-only. FREG2: WARNING: Management Engine region (0x00003000-0x004fffff) is locked. PR0: WARNING: 0x007d0000-0x01ffffff is read-only. Please send a verbose log to firstname.lastname@example.org if this board is not listed on http://flashrom.org/Supported_hardware#Supported_mainboards yet. Writes have been disabled. You can enforce write support with the ich_spi_force programmer option, but it will most likely harm your hardware! If you force flashrom you will get no support if something breaks. OK. Found Macronix flash chip "MX25L6405" (8192 kB, SPI) at physical address 0xff800000. Reading flash... FAILED.
it will print the ME regions:
FREG2: WARNING: Management Engine region (0x00003000-0x004fffff) is locked.
it will also print the chip:
Found Macronix flash chip "MX25L6405" (8192 kB, SPI) at physical address 0xff800000.
But as in this case, flashrom might misidentify the chip, this output is from this MX25L6445E
visually verify your chip's part number and find an appropriate datasheet
=>verify that its voltage matches with the programmer voltage...
- Use flashrom layouts:
-l, --layout <file>
000000000:00000fff fd 000001000:00002fff gbe 000003000:004fffff me 000500000:007fffff bios
To flash only the bios partition (coreboot + payload) do:
flashrom -l <layout> -i bios -w coreboot.rom